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Aplonis

Birds Guide

Aplonis

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Aplonis

 
 
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
 
Phylum: Chordata
 
Class: Aves
 
Order: Passeriformes
 
Family: Sturnidae
 
Genus: Aplonis
Gould, 1836
Species
see text

Aplonis is a genus of starlings. These are essentially island species of Indonesia, Oceania and Australasia, although some speciesí ranges extend to the Malay Peninsula, southern Vietnam and northeastern Queensland. Several species have restricted ranges, and, like other island endemics, have become endangered or extinct as a result of habitat loss or introduced mammals such as rats.

The following is the list of Aplonis species in taxonomic order.:

  • Metallic Starling, Aplonis metallica
    Yellow-eyed Starling, Aplonis mystacea
    Singing Starling, Aplonis cantoroides
    Tanimbar Starling, Aplonis crassa
    Atoll Starling, Aplonis feadensis
    Rennell Starling, Aplonis insularis
    Long-tailed Starling, Aplonis magna
    White-eyed Starling, Aplonis brunneicapillus
    Brown-winged Starling, Aplonis grandis
    San Cristobal Starling, Aplonis dichroa
    Rusty-winged Starling, Aplonis zelandica
    Striated Starling, Aplonis striata
    Norfolk Starling, Aplonis fusca (extinct, c.1923)
    Mountain Starling, Aplonis santovestris
    Asian Glossy Starling, Aplonis panayensis
    Moluccan Starling, Aplonis mysolensis
    Short-tailed Starling, Aplonis minor
    Micronesian Starling, Aplonis opaca
    Pohnpei Starling, Aplonis pelzelni (possibly extinct, c.2000)
    Polynesian Starling, Aplonis tabuensis
    Samoan Starling, Aplonis atrifusca
    Kosrae Island Starling, Aplonis corvina (extinct, mid-19th century)
    Mysterious Starling, Aplonis mavornata (extinct, mid-19th century)
    Rarotonga Starling, Aplonis cinerascens
    Huahine Starling, Aplonis diluvialis (prehistoric)
    Bay Starling, Aplonis ulietensis (extinct, 1774 to 1850; formerly considered a thrush)

The typical adult Aplonis starling is fairly uniformly plumaged in black, brown or dark green, sometimes with a metallic gloss. The eye ring is often distinctively coloured. Immatures of several species have dark streaked pale underparts.

References

  • Freare and Craig, Starlings and Mynas ISBN 0-7136-3961-X.

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This guide is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia.


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