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Aves incertae sedis

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Aves incertae sedis

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Aves incertae sedis

  • Holbotia (Early Cretaceous of Andaikhudag, Mongolia) - basal pygostylian?
  • Hongshanornis (Yixian Early Cretaceous of China) - pygostylian?
  • Nanantius (Early Cretaceous) - enantiornithine
  • Otogornis (Yijinhuoluo Early Cretaceous of Yike Zhaomeng, China) - basal pygostylian? enantiornithine?
  • Protopteryx (Early Cretaceous of China) - enantiornithine?
  • Wyleyia (Early Cretaceous) - enantiornithine? neornithine (paleognath)?
  • Asiahesperornis (Late Cretaceous of Eginsai, Kazakhstan) - hesperornithiform?
  • †Euornithes gen. et sp. indet. (Bissekty Late Cretaceous of Kyzyl Kum, Uzbekistan)
  • Gargantuavis (Late Cretaceous of S France) - pygostylian (enantiornithine?)?
  • Iaceornis (Late Cretaceous of Gove County, USA) - neornithine or basal ornithuran
  • Horezmavis (Bissekty Late Cretaceous of Kyzyl Kum, Uzbekistan) - enantiornithine (gobipterygiform?), basal ornithuran or gruiform
  • "Ichthyornis" minusculus (Bissekty Late Cretaceous of Kyzyl Kum, Uzbekistan)
  • †cf. Nanantius (Bissekty Late Cretaceous of Kyzyl Kum, Uzbekistan) - enantiornithine?
  • Neogaeornis (Quinriquina Late Cretaceous of Chile) - baptornithid or neornithine (gaviiform, procellariiform?)
  • Patagopteryx (Barro de la Carpa Late Cretaceous of Sierra Barrosa, Argentina) - pygostylian (enantiornithine?)?
  • Piksi (Two Medicine Late Cretaceous of Montana) - basal ornithuran, basal pygostylian or neornithine?
  • Platanavis (Bissekty Late Cretaceous of Kyzyl Kum, Uzbekistan)
  • "Polarornis" (Lopez de Bertodano Late Cretaceous of Seymour Island, Antarctica) - gaviiform or pygostylian, may be synonym of Neogaeornis
  • "Cathayornis" aberransis
  • "Cathayornis" caudatus
  • Gobipipus
  • Guildavis (Cretaceous of Wallace County, USA) - neornithine or basal ornithuran
  • "Ichthyornis" maltshevskyi
  • Parascaniornis (Cretaceous of Ivö, Sweden) - neornithine (phoenicopteriform), hesperornithiform?
  • Vorona (Late Cretaceous) - basal ornithuromorph?
  • Chaoyangidae - pygostylian, yanornithiform?
    • Chaoyangia (Jiufotang Early Cretaceous of Liaoning, China)
Model of the small bird Liaoningornis longidigitus, inhabitant of the Early Cretaceous conifer and ginkgo forests of today's China.
Model of the small bird Liaoningornis longidigitus, inhabitant of the Early Cretaceous conifer and ginkgo forests of today's China.

Liaoningornithiformes

  • Liaoningornithidae
    • Liaoningornis (Yixian Early Cretaceous of Liaoning, China)

Eurolimnornithiformes

  • Eurolimnornithidae
    • Eurolimnornis (Early Cretaceous)

Palaeocursornithiformes

  • Palaeocursornithidae
    • Palaeocursornis (Early Cretaceous)

Ichnotaxa

  • Archaeornithipus (Late Jurassic/Early Cretaceous of Soria, Spain) - footprints
  • Aquatilavipes (Early Cretaceous of Canada, ?and Japan, China -? Anacleto Late Cretaceous of Sierra Barrosa, Argentina) - footprints (5-6 x 4-5 cm (h/v). Toes long, narrow, small webs; no hallux; T2-T4 100-140°; toe pads; step 6-20 cm. Avian: Patagopteryx? shorebird?)
  • Fuscinapedis (Early Cretaceous of Texas) - footprints (35 x 35 cm (h/v). Toes long, wide; no hallux; T2-T4 80-85°. Avian: giant flightless bird?)
  • Ignotornis (Early -? Late Cretaceous) - footprints (6 x 5 cm (h/v w/o hallux). Toes long, narrow, unwebbed, T2 smaller; hallux backwards and high; T1-T4 220°, T2-T4 130-145°; toe pads; step 9-33 cm. Avian: Neuquenornis? shorebird?)
  • Koreanaornis (Early Cretaceous of Korea) - footprints
  • Magnoavipes (Early Cretaceous of Texas) - footprints (25 x 20 cm (h/v). Toes long, very thin; no hallux; T2-T4 90°. Avian?)
  • Shandongornipes (Tianjialou Early Cretaceous of Junan County, China) - footprints (6 x 9 cm (h/v). Toes long, thin, unwebbed; hallux backwards; T1-T4 220°; T2-T4 135°; toe pads. Avian: shorebird)
  • Barrosopus (Anacleto Late Cretaceous of Sierra Barrosa, Argentina) - footprints (3.5 x 3 cm (h/v). Toes narrow, unwebbed, T2 separated (higher); no hallux; T2-T4 100-120°.; step 10-20 cm. Avian?)
  • Dispersituberoolithus (Oldman Late Cretaceous of S Alberta, Canada) - egg; neornithine?
  • Hwangsanipes (Late Cretaceous) - footprints
  • Sarjeantopodus (Lance Late Cretaceous of Niobrara County, USA) - footprints
  • Saurexallopus (Late Cretaceous of Wyoming) - footprints (30 x 25-30 cm (h/v). Toes long, thin; hallux sideways; T1-T4 130°; T2-T4 90°; deep heel; toe pads. Avian?)
  • Tristraguloolithus (Oldman Late Cretaceous of S Alberta, Canada) - egg; galliform (cracid)?
  • Uhangrichnus (Late Cretaceous of SW Korea) - footprints
  • Yacoraitichnus (Late Cretaceous of Salta, Argentina) - footprints
  • Ornithoformipes (Puget Late Eocene of Kummer, USA) - footprints; may be from Gastornis
  • Gruipeda - footprints
  • Iranipeda (Paleocene of Iran) - footprints; may be same as Gruipeda
  • Jindongornipes - footprints
  • "Patagonichnornis" (Cretaceous, Rio Negro Province, Argentina) - footprints

References

  • Chiappe, L.M. (2001): The rise of birds. In: Briggs, D.E.G. & Crowther, P.R. (eds.): Palaeobiology II: A Synthesis: 102-106. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
  • Chiappe, L.M. (2002): Basal bird phylogeny: problems and solutions. In: Chiappe, L.M. and Witmer, L.M. (eds.): Mesozoic Birds: Above the Heads of Dinosaurs: 448-472. University of California Press, Berkeley, USA.
  • Olson, Storrs L. (1985): The fossil record of birds. In: Farner, D.S.; King, J.R. & Parkes, Kenneth C. (eds.): Avian Biology 8: 79-238. Academic Press, New York.

See also


Home | Up | Neornithes | Aves incertae sedis

Birds Guide, made by MultiMedia | Free content and software

This guide is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia.


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