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Eurylaimidae

Birds Guide

Eurylaimidae

Calyptomena

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Broadbills
Psarisomus dalhousiae
 
Psarisomus dalhousiae
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
 
Phylum: Chordata
 
Class: Aves
 
Order: Passeriformes
 
Family: Eurylaimidae
 
Genera
Sapayoa
Smithornis
Pseudocalyptomena
Corydon
Cymbirhynchus
Eurylaimus
Psarisomus
Serilophus
Calyptomena

The broadbills are a family of small passerine bird species found in tropical southeast Asia, with a few species in Africa.

Broadbills are brightly coloured birds that feed on fruit and also take insects in flycatcher fashion, snapping their broad bills. Their habitat is canopies of wet forests, so despite their colours, they are difficult to observe.

Their nest is a purse-shaped structure built in a tree, into which typically 23 eggs are laid.

The Smithornis and Pseudocalyptomena species occur in tropical Africa; the rest extend from the eastern Himalayas to Sumatra and Borneo.

The Sapayoa was originally classified in the group Pipridae, according to Sapayoa aenigma: a New World representative of 'Old World suboscines' the genus more accurately fits the broadbill family.

In addition to the Sapayoa, which if included would be in its own subfamily, there are four other subfamilies of broadbill:

  • The typical African broadbills, Smithornithinae (containing three species in a single genus, Smithornis)
  • The Asian green broadbills, Calyptomeninae (containing three species in a single genus, Calyptomena)
  • Grauer's Broadbill, Pseudocalyptomeninae
  • The typical Asian broadbills, Eurylaiminae (the remaining five genera, containing eight species)

Species

  • Broad-billed Sapayoa, Sapayoa aenigma
    African Broadbill, Smithornis capensis
    Gray-headed Broadbill, Smithornis sharpei
    Rufous-sided Broadbill, Smithornis rufolateralis
    Grauer's Broadbill, Pseudocalyptomena graueri
    Dusky Broadbill, Corydon sumatranus
    Black-and-red Broadbill, Cymbirhynchus macrorhynchos
    Banded Broadbill, Eurylaimus javanicus
    Black-and-yellow Broadbill, Eurylaimus ochromalus
    Wattled Broadbill, Eurylaimus steerii
    Visayan Broadbill, Eurylaimus samarensis
    Long-tailed Broadbill, Psarisomus dalhousiae
    Silver-breasted Broadbill, Serilophus lunatus
    Green Broadbill, Calyptomena viridis
    Hose's Broadbill, Calyptomena hosei
    Whitehead's Broadbill Calyptomena whiteheadi

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This guide is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia.


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