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Callaeidae

Birds Guide

Callaeidae

From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia, by MultiMedia

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Callaeidae
Huia (Heteralocha acutirostris)
 
Huia (Heteralocha acutirostris)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
 
Phylum: Chordata
 
Class: Aves
 
Order: Passeriformes
 
Family: Callaeidae
Sundevall, 1836
Genera
 Callaeas
 Philesturnus
 Heteralocha

The small bird family Callaeidae (also named in some sources as Callaeatidae) is restricted to New Zealand. Only two species survive, one of them critically endangered. A third, the Huia became extinct early in the 20th century.

The Callaeidae are often known as wattlebirds, a term that leads to confusion, as there are other, unrelated species with this same name, notably the large Australian wattlebirds of the family Meliphagidae, which are honeyeaters.

These birds seem to be remnants of an early expansion of passerines to New Zealand. They have no close relatives expect the stitchbird, and their more distant relationship is likewise still unknown (Ewen et al., 2006).

  • ORDER PASSERIFORMES
    • (many other families)
    • Family Callaeidae
      • Kokako, Callaeas cinerea
        Tieke, Philesturnus carunculatus (formerly Creadion carunculatus)
        Huia, Heteralocha acuitirostris (extinct)

References

  • Ewen, John G.; Flux, Ian & Ericson, Per G. P. (2006): Systematic affinities of two enigmatic New Zealand passerines of high conservation priority, the hihi or stitchbird Notiomystis cincta and the kokako Callaeas cinerea. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 40(1): 281284. DOI:10.1016/j.ympev.2006.01.026 PDF fulltext

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Birds Guide, made by MultiMedia | Free content and software

This guide is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia.


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