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Estrildidae

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Estrildidae

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Estrildid Finches
Zebra Finches
 
Zebra Finches
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
 
Phylum: Chordata
 
Class: Aves
 
Order: Passeriformes
 
Family: Estrildidae
Bonaparte, 1850
Genera
Many:see text

The estrildid finches are small passerine birds of the Old World tropics and Australasia. They can be classified as the family Estrildidae (weaver-finch) or as a sub-group within the family Passeridae, which also includes the true sparrows.

They are gregarious and often colonial seed-eaters with short thick but pointed bills. They are all similar in structure and habits, but have a wide variation in plumage colours and pattern.

All the estrildids build large domed nests and lay 5-10 white eggs. Many species build roost nests Some of the fire-finches and pytilias are hosts to the brood parasitic indigobirds and whydahs respectively.

Most are sensitive to cold and require a warm, usually tropical, habitat, although a few have become adapted to the cooler climates of southern Australia.

Species list

  • Antpeckers, genus Parmoptila
    • Jameson's Antpecker, Parmoptila rubrifrons
      Woodhouse's Antpecker, Parmoptila woodhousei
  • Negrofinches, genus Nigrita
    • White-breasted Negrofinch, Nigrita fusconota
      Chestnut-breasted Negrofinch, Nigrita bicolor
      Pale-fronted Negrofinch, Nigrita luteifrons
      Grey-headed Negrofinch, Nigrita canicapilla
  • Olivebacks, genus Nesocharis
    • White-collared Oliveback, Nesocharis ansorgei
      Fernando Po Oliveback, Nesocharis shelleyi
      Grey-headed Oliveback, Nesocharis capistrata
  • Pytilias, genus Pytilia
    • Orange-winged Pytilia, Pytilia afra
      Red-winged Pytilia, Pytilia phoenicoptera
      Green-winged Pytilia, Pytilia melba
      Red-faced Pytilia, Pytilia hypogrammica
  • Green-backed Twinspot, Mandingoa nitidula
  • Crimson-wings, genus Cryptospiza
    • Red-faced Crimson-wing, Cryptospiza reichenovii
      Abyssinian Crimson-wing, Cryptospiza salvadorii
      Dusky Crimson-wing, Cryptospiza jacksoni
      Shelley's Crimson-wing, Cryptospiza shelleyi
  • Seedcrackers, genus Pyrenestes
    • Crimson Seedcracker, Pyrenestes sanguineus
      Black-bellied Seedcracker, Pyrenestes ostrinus
      Lesser Seedcracker, Pyrenestes minor
  • Bluebills, genus Spermophaga
    • Grant's Bluebill, Spermophaga poliogenys
      Western Bluebill, Spermophaga haematina
      Red-headed Bluebill, Spermophaga ruficapilla
  • Twinspots, genera Clytospiza, Hypargos, Euschistospiza
    • Brown Twinspot, Clytospiza monteiri
      Peters' Twinspot, Hypargos niveoguttatus
      Pink-throated Twinspot, Hypargos margaritatus
      Dybowski's Twinspot, Euschistospiza dybowskii
      Dusky Twinspot, Euschistospiza cinereovinacea
  • Firefinches, genus Lagonosticta
    • Bar-breasted Firefinch, Lagonosticta rufopicta
      Brown Firefinch, Lagonosticta nitidula
      Red-billed Firefinch, Lagonosticta senegala
      Black-bellied Firefinch, Lagonosticta rara
      African Firefinch, Lagonosticta rubricata
      Pale-billed Firefinch, Lagonosticta landanae
      Jameson's Firefinch, Lagonosticta rhodopareia
      Mali Firefinch, Lagonosticta virata
      Rock Firefinch, Lagonosticta sanguinodorsalis
      Black-faced Firefinch, Lagonosticta larvata
      Reichenow's Firefinch, Lagonosticta umbrinodorsalis
  • Cordon-bleus, genus Uraeginthus
    • Blue-breasted Cordon-bleu, Uraeginthus angolensis
      Red-cheeked Cordon-bleu, Uraeginthus bengalus
      Blue-capped Cordon-bleu, Uraeginthus cyanocephalus
      Purple Grenadier, Uraeginthus ianthinogaster
      Violet-eared Waxbill, Uraeginthus granatina
  • Waxbills, genus Estrilda
    • Lavender Waxbill, Estrilda caerulescens
      Black-tailed Waxbill, Estrilda perreini
      Cinderella Waxbill, Estrilda thomensis
      Yellow-bellied Waxbill, Estrilda quartinia
      Swee Waxbill, Estrilda melanotis
      Fawn-breasted Waxbill, Estrilda paludicola
      Anambra Waxbill, Estrilda poliopareia
      Orange-cheeked Waxbill, Estrilda melpoda
      Arabian Waxbill, Estrilda rufibarba
      Crimson-rumped Waxbill, Estrilda rhodopyga
      Black-rumped Waxbill, Estrilda troglodytes
      Common Waxbill, Estrilda astrild
      Black-lored Waxbill, Estrilda nigriloris
      Black-crowned Waxbill, Estrilda nonnula
      Black-headed Waxbill, Estrilda atricapilla
      Black-cheeked Waxbill, Estrilda erythronotos
      Red-rumped Waxbill, Estrilda charmosyna
  • Avadavats, genus Amandava
    • Red Avadavat, Amandava amandava
      Green Avadavat, Amandava formosa
      Zebra Waxbill, Amandava subflava
  • Quailfinches, genus Ortygospiza
    • Red-billed Quailfinch, Ortygospiza gabonensis
      African Quailfinch, Ortygospiza atricollis
      Locustfinch, Ortygospiza locustella
  • Firetails, genera Emblema, Stagonopleura, Oreostruthus, Neochmia
    • Painted Firetail, Emblema pictum
      Beautiful Firetail, Stagonopleura bella
      Red-eared Firetail, Stagonopleura oculata
      Diamond Firetail, Stagonopleura guttata
      Mountain Firetail, Oreostruthus fuliginosus
      Red-browed Firetail, Neochmia temporalis
      Crimson Finch, Neochmia phaeton
      Star Finch, Neochmia ruficauda
      Plum-headed Finch, Neochmia modesta
  • Zebra finches, genera Taeniopygia, Poephila
    • Zebra Finch, Taeniopygia guttata
      Chestnut-eared Finch, Taeniopygia castanotis
      Double-barred Finch, Taeniopygia bichenovii
      Masked Finch, Poephila personata
      Long-tailed Finch, Poephila acuticauda
      Black-throated Finch, Poephila cincta
  • Parrotfinches, genus Erythrura
    • Tawny-breasted Parrotfinch, Erythrura hyperythra
      Pin-tailed Parrotfinch, Erythrura prasina
      Green-faced Parrotfinch, Erythrura viridifacies
      Tricolored Parrotfinch, Erythrura tricolor
      Blue-faced Parrotfinch, Erythrura trichroa
      Red-eared Parrotfinch, Erythrura coloria
      Papuan Parrotfinch, Erythrura papuana
      Red-throated Parrotfinch, Erythrura psittacea
      Fiji Parrotfinch, Erythrura pealii
      Red-headed Parrotfinch, Erythrura cyaneovirens
      Royal Parrotfinch, Erythrura regia
      Pink-billed Parrotfinch, Erythrura kleinschmidti
  • Gouldian Finch, Chloebia gouldiae
  • Munias and Silverbills, genus Lonchura
    • Madagascar Munia, Lonchura nana
      African Silverbill, Lonchura cantans
      Indian Silverbill, Lonchura malabarica
      Grey-headed Silverbill, Lonchura griseicapilla
      Bronze Mannikin, Lonchura cucullata
      Black-and-white Mannikin, Lonchura bicolor
      Brown-backed Mannikin, Lonchura nigriceps
      Magpie Mannikin, Lonchura fringilloides
      White-rumped Munia, Lonchura striata
      Javan Munia, Lonchura leucogastroides
      Dusky Munia, Lonchura fuscans
      Black-faced Munia, Lonchura molucca
      Black-throated Munia, Lonchura kelaarti
      Scaly-breasted Munia, Lonchura punctulata
      White-bellied Munia, Lonchura leucogastra
      Streak-headed Munia, Lonchura tristissima
      Black-headed Munia, Lonchura malacca
      Chestnut Munia, Lonchura atricapilla
      White-capped Munia, Lonchura ferruginosa
      Cream-bellied Munia, Lonchura pallidiventer
      Five-colored Munia, Lonchura quinticolor
      White-headed Munia, Lonchura maja
      Pale-headed Munia, Lonchura pallida
      Grand Munia, Lonchura grandis
      Grey-banded Munia, Lonchura vana
      Grey-crowned Munia, Lonchura nevermanni
      Hooded Munia, Lonchura spectabilis
      Grey-headed Munia, Lonchura caniceps
      Mottled Munia, Lonchura hunsteini
      New Ireland Munia, Lonchura forbesi
      New Hanover Munia, Lonchura nigerrima
      Yellow-rumped Munia, Lonchura flaviprymna
      Chestnut-breasted Munia, Lonchura castaneothorax
      Black Munia, Lonchura stygia
      Black-breasted Munia, Lonchura teerinki
      Snow Mountain Munia, Lonchura montana
      Alpine Munia, Lonchura monticola
      Bismarck Munia, Lonchura melaena
  • Pictorella Munia, Heteromunia pectoralis
  • Java Sparrows, genus Padda
    • Java Sparrow, Padda oryzivora
      Timor Dusky Sparrow, Padda fuscata
  • Cut-throats, genus Amadina
    • Cut-throat finch, Amadina fasciata
      Red-headed Finch Amadina erythrocephala

External links


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