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Polioptilidae

Birds Guide

Polioptilidae

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Gnatcatchers

 
Blue-grey Gnatcatcher
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
 
Phylum: Chordata
 
Class: Aves
 
Order: Passeriformes
 
Family: Polioptilidae
Baird, 1858
Genera
Microbates
Ramphocaenus
Polioptila

The 15 species of small passerine birds in the gnatcatcher family occur in North and South America. Most species of this mainly tropical and sub-tropical group are resident, but the Blue-gray Gnatcatcher of the USA and southern Canada migrates south in winter.

These dainty birds resemble Old World warblers in their structure and habits, moving restlessly through the foliage seeking insects. The gnatcatchers and gnatwrens are mainly soft bluish grey in colour, and have the typical insectivore's long sharp bill.

They are birds of fairly open woodland or scrub, and nest in bushes or trees.

A species new to science, the Iquitos Gnatcatcher Polioptila clementsi was first described in 2005.

  • Family Polioptilidae
    • Collared Gnatwren, Microbates collaris
      Tawny-faced Gnatwren, Microbates cinereiventris
      Long-billed Gnatwren, Ramphocaenus melanurus
      Blue-gray Gnatcatcher, Polioptila caerulea
      Cuban Gnatcatcher, Polioptila lembeyei
      California Gnatcatcher, Polioptila californica
      Black-tailed Gnatcatcher, Polioptila melanura
      Black-capped Gnatcatcher, Polioptila nigriceps
      White-lored Gnatcatcher, Polioptila albiloris
      Maranon Gnatcatcher, Polioptila maranonica
      Guianan Gnatcatcher, Polioptila guianensis
      Iquitos Gnatcatcher, Polioptila clementsi
      Tropical Gnatcatcher, Polioptila plumbea
      Creamy-bellied Gnatcatcher, Polioptila lactea
      Slate-throated Gnatcatcher, Polioptila schistaceigula
      Masked Gnatcatcher, Polioptila dumicola

External links


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This guide is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia.


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