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Evening Grosbeak
Evening Grosbeak

Grosbeak is the name given to several species of seed-eating passerine bird with large bills, in the finch and cardinal families.

The following is a list of grosbeak species - note that the groups of species are not each other's closest relatives - they share the name grosbeak purely because of morphological similarity.

The finch family, Fringillidae contains the following 11 extant species (plus two species of Grosbeak Canary):

  • The São Tomé Grosbeak, Neospiza concolor, a critically endangered restricted-range endemic found only in forests on the island of São Tomé off the West African coast, believed extinct until rediscovered in 1996
    The Golden-winged Grosbeak, Rynchostruthus socotranus, a localised species found in northern Somalia, mountains of south-west Arabia and on the island of Socotra
    The Pine Grosbeak, Pinicola enucleator, a pan-Holarctic pine forest species
    The two Nearctic species in the genus Coccothraustes (which also contains a Palearctic species, the Hawfinch C. coccothraustes):
    • Evening Grosbeak C. vespertinus
      Hooded Grosbeak C. abeillei
  • The two species in the East Asian genus Eophona:
    • Japanese Grosbeak E. personata
      Chinese (Yellow-Billed) Grosbeak E. migratoria
  • The four species in the South Asian genus Mycerobas:
    • Black-and-yellow Grosbeak M. icterioides
      Collared Grosbeak M. affinis
      Spot-winged Grosbeak M. melanozanthos
      White-winged Grosbeak M. carnipes

The cardinal family, Cardinalidae, of the Americas contains the following 17 extant species:

  • The Red-and-black Grosbeak, Periporphyrus erythromelas of northern South America
  • Two species in the Neotropical genus Saltator (all other species in this genus are referred to as saltators):
    • Slate-coloured Grosbeak, S. groseus
      Black-throated Grosbeak, S. fuliginosus
  • The two species in the Neotropical genus Caryothraustes:
    • Black-faced Grosbeak C. poliogaster
      Yellow-green Grosbeak C. canadensis
  • The Yellow-shouldered Grosbeak Parkerthraustes humeralis of South America
    The Crimson-collared Grosbeak, Rhodothraupis celaeno, a restricted-range endemic found only in eastern Mexico
  • The six species in the genus Pheucticus
    • Yellow Grosbeak P. chrysopeplus
      Golden-bellied Grosbeak P. chrysogaster
      Black-thighed Grosbeak P. tibialis, a restricted-range endemic found only in the highlands of Costa Rica and Panama
      Black-backed Grosbeak P. aureoventris
      Rose-breasted Grosbeak P. ludovicianus
      Black-headed Grosbeak P. melanocephalus
  • Two species in the Neotropical genus Cyanocampsa (this genus also contains the Blue Bunting C. parellina):
    • Ultramarine Grosbeak C. brissonii
      Blue-black Grosbeak C. cyanoides
  • The Glaucous-blue Grosbeak Cyanoloxia glaucocaerulea of eastern South America
    The Blue Grosbeak Guiraca caerulea

In addition, there are two extinct species with the name grosbeak: the Bonin Grosbeak Chaunoproctus ferreorostris (a finch), found only on the Ogasawara Islands, which was last recorded in c. 1832, and the Kona Grosbeak or Grosbeak Finch, a Hawaiian honeycreeper, last recorded in c. 1896.

Finally, the weaver family (Ploceidae) contains a species called the Grosbeak Weaver.

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This guide is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia.