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Tetraonidae

Birds Guide

Tetraonidae

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Grouse
Greater Sage-Grouse, Centrocercus urophasianus
 
Greater Sage-Grouse, Centrocercus urophasianus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
 
Phylum: Chordata
 
Class: Aves
 
Order: Galliformes
 
Family: Tetraonidae
Vigors, 1825
Genera
Tetrao
Lagopus
Falcipennis
Centrocercus
Bonasa
Dendrapagus
Tympanuchus

Grouse are from the order Galliformes which inhabit temperate and subarctic regions of the northern hemisphere. They are game and are sometimes hunted for food.

Males are often polygamous, and many species have elaborate courtship displays. These heavily built birds have legs feathered to the toes. Most species are year-round residents, and do not migrate.

These birds feed mainly on vegetable food, but will also feed on insects, especially when feeding young.

Species

  • Siberian Grouse, Falcipennis falcipennis
    Spruce Grouse, Falcipennis canadensis
  • Blue Grouse now split into two species:
    • Dusky Grouse, Dendragapus obscurus
      Sooty Grouse, Dendragapus fuliginosus
  • Willow Grouse (Willow Ptarmigan in North America), Lagopus lagopus
    Ptarmigan (Rock Ptarmigan in North America), Lagopus mutus
    White-tailed Ptarmigan, Lagopus leucurus
    Eurasian Black Grouse, Tetrao tetrix
    Caucasian Black Grouse, Tetrao mlokosiewiczi
    Capercaillie, Tetrao urogallus
    Black-billed Capercaillie, Tetrao parvirostris
    Hazel Grouse, Bonasa bonasia
    Severtzov's Grouse, Bonasa sewerzowi
    Ruffed Grouse, Bonasa umbellus
    Greater Sage-Grouse, Centrocercus urophasianus
    Gunnison Sage-Grouse, Centrocercus minimus
    Sharp-tailed Grouse, Tympanuchus phasianellus
  • Greater Prairie-Chicken, Tympanuchus cupido
    • Heath Hen, T. c. cupido (extinct, 1932) - possibly a distinct species
  • Lesser Prairie-Chicken Tympanuchus pallidicinctus

External links


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This guide is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia.