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Melanocorypha

Birds Guide

Melanocorypha

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Melanocorypha
Calandra Lark
 
Calandra Lark
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
 
Phylum: Chordata
 
Class: Aves
 
Order: Passeriformes
 
Family: Alaudidae
 
Genus: Melanocorypha
Boie, 1828
Species
M. calandra
M. bimaculata
M. maxima
M. mongolica
M. leucoptera
M. yeltoniensis

Melanocorypha is a small genus of birds in the lark family. Its members mainly occur in temperate Asia from Turkey through Central Asia to China, but the Calandra Lark also has an extensive European distribution around the Mediterranean

These larks are mostly partially migratory, moving relatively short distances from the coldest parts of their ranges. Several species are very rare vagrants to western Europe.

These are birds of open cultivation, steppe or semi-desert. They nest on the ground and the young are precocial. The food is seeds supplemented with insects especially in the breeding season. They are gregarious outside the breeding season.

Melanocorypha larks are large, robust birds, 16.5-20 cm long with strong thick bills. Some have the typically undistinguished lark plumage, mainly streaked greyish-brown above and white below, but the, Black and White-winged Larks have distinctive male plumages. Several species have large black patches on the breast sides.

In flight they show broad wings and a shortish tail. The songs of most species are like that of the Skylark.

Species

  • Calandra Lark, Melanocorypha calandra
    Bimaculated Lark, Melanocorypha bimaculata
    Tibetan Lark, Melanocorypha maxima
    Mongolian Lark, Melanocorypha mongolica
    White-winged Lark, Melanocorypha leucoptera
    Black Lark, Melanocorypha yeltoniensis

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This guide is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia.


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