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Rostratulidae

Birds Guide

Rostratulidae

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Painted Snipes
Greater Painted Snipe Female (Rostralata benghalensis)
 
Greater Painted Snipe
Female (Rostralata benghalensis)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
 
Phylum: Chordata
 
Class: Aves
 
Order: Charadriiformes
 
Family: Rostratulidae
Ridgway, 1919
Distribution of Greater Painted Snipe
 
Distribution of Greater Painted Snipe
Species
  • Rostralata benghalensis
  • Rostratula australis
  • Nycticryptes semicollaris

Painted snipe are three distinctive wader species placed together in their own family Rostratulidae. They are short-legged, long-billed birds similar in shape to the true snipes, but much more brightly coloured.

The female is brighter than the male and takes the lead in courtship. The male incubates the eggs, usually four, in a nest on the ground or floating for about 20 days.

All three species live in reedy swamps, and their diet consists of annelid worms and other invertebrates, which they find with their long bills.

Species of Painted Snipe

The Greater Painted Snipe (Rostralata benghalensis) is found in marshes in Africa, India and South-east Asia.

The Australian Painted Snipe (Rostratula australia) is a rare, nomadic and declining species found only in Australia (Lane & Rogers 2000)

The Lesser Painted Snipe ( Nycticryptes semicollaris), inhabits grassy marshland in southern South America.

External links

Illustration of Greater Painted Snipe from Hume and Marshall, Gamebirds of India, Burmah and Ceylon.
Illustration of Greater Painted Snipe from Hume and Marshall, Gamebirds of India, Burmah and Ceylon.

References

  • Lane, B.A.; & Rogers, D.I. (2000). The Australian Painted Snipe, Rostratula (benghalensis) australis: an Endangered species?. Stilt 36: 26-34

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This guide is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia.