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Pitta

Birds Guide

Pitta

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Pittas
Indian Pitta
 
Indian Pitta
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
 
Phylum: Chordata
 
Class: Aves
 
Order: Passeriformes
 
Family: Pittidae
Swainson, 1831
Genus: Pitta
Vieillot, 1816
Species
See text.

Pittas are passerine birds mainly found in tropical Asia and Australasia, although a couple of species live in Africa.

They are all similar in general structure and habits, and are placed in single genus. Pittas are medium-sized by passerine standards, and stocky, with longish strong legs, very short tails and stout bills. Many, but not all, are brightly coloured. The name is derived from the word pitta in the Telugu language of Andhra Pradesh in India and is a generic local name used for all small birds.

These are fairly terrestrial birds of wet forest floors, which eat snails, insects and similar invertebrate prey. They are mostly solitary and lay up to six eggs in a large spherical nest in a tree or shrub, or sometimes on the ground.

Many species of pittas are migratory, and they often end up at odd places like house-gardens during passage migration.

Species

  • Eared Pitta, Pitta phayrei
    Blue-naped Pitta, Pitta nipalensis
    Blue-rumped Pitta, Pitta soror
    Rusty-naped Pitta, Pitta oatesi
    Schneider's Pitta, Pitta schneideri
    Giant Pitta, Pitta caerulea
    Blue Pitta, Pitta cyanea
    Banded Pitta, Pitta guajana
    Bar-bellied Pitta, Pitta elliotii
    Gurney's Pitta, Pitta gurneyi
    Blue-headed Pitta, Pitta baudii
    Hooded Pitta, Pitta sordida
    Ivory-breasted Pitta, Pitta maxima
    Superb Pitta, Pitta superba
    Azure-breasted Pitta, Pitta steerii
    Whiskered Pitta, Pitta kochi
    Red-bellied Pitta, Pitta erythrogaster
    Sula Pitta, Pitta dohertyi
    Blue-banded Pitta, Pitta arcuata
    Garnet Pitta, Pitta granatina
    Black-headed Pitta, Pitta ussheri
    Black-crowned Pitta, Pitta venusta
    African Pitta, Pitta angolensis
    Green-breasted Pitta, Pitta reichenowi
    Indian Pitta, Pitta brachyura
    Fairy Pitta, Pitta nympha
    Blue-winged Pitta, Pitta moluccensis
    Mangrove Pitta, Pitta megarhyncha
    Elegant Pitta, Pitta elegans
    Noisy Pitta, Pitta versicolor
    Black-faced Pitta, Pitta anerythra
    Rainbow Pitta, Pitta iris

External links


Home | Up | Acanthisittidae | Conopophagidae | Cotingidae | Eurylaimidae | Formicariidae | Furnariidae | Philepittidae | Pipridae | Pitta | Rhinocryptidae | Thamnophilidae | Tyrannidae

Birds Guide, made by MultiMedia | Free content and software

This guide is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia.


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