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Common Quail
Common Quail
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Galliformes
Family: Phasianidae

See also Pheasant, Partridge, Grouse

Quail is a collective name for several genera of mid-sized birds in the pheasant family Phasianidae, or in the family Odontophoridae. This article deals with the Old World species in the former family. The New World quails are not closely related, but are named for their similar appearance and behaviour.

The Old World buttonquails are also in a different family Turnicidae, and are not true quails.

The quails are small, plump terrestrial birds. They are seed eaters, but will also take insects and similar small prey. They nest on the ground.

Some quail are farmed in large numbers. These include Japanese quail, also commonly known as coturnix quail, which are mostly kept to produce eggs that are sold worldwide.

Species list

  • Genus Coturnix
    • Coturnix coturnix, Common Quail
      Coturnix japonica, Japanese Quail
      Coturnix pectoralis, Stubble Quail
      Coturnix novaezelandiae, New Zealand Quail Extinct
      Coturnix coromandelica, Rain Quail
      Coturnix delegorguei, Harlequin Quail
      Coturnix ypsilophora, Brown Quail
      Coturnix adansonii, Blue Quail
      Coturnix chinensis, Blue-breasted Quail
  • Genus Anurophasis
    • Anurophasis monorthonyx, Snow Mountain Quail
  • Genus Perdicula
    • Perdicula asiatica, Jungle Bush-quail
      Perdicula argoondah, Rock Bush-quail
      Perdicula erythrorhyncha, Painted Bush-quail
      Perdicula manipurensis, Manipur Bush-quail
  • Genus Ophrysia
    • Ophrysia superciliosa, Himalayan Quail Critically Endangered/Extinct


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This guide is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia.