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Pteroclididae

Birds Guide

Pteroclididae

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Sandgrouse
Pallas's Sandgrouse
 
Pallas's Sandgrouse
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
 
Phylum: Chordata
 
Class: Aves
 
Order: Pteroclidiformes
 
Family: Pteroclididae
Bonaparte, 1831
Genera
Pterocles
Syrrhaptes

The sandgrouse are a group of 16 near passerine bird species in the order Pteroclidiformes. They are restricted to treeless open country in the Old World, such as plains and semi-deserts.

Sandgrouse have small, pigeon like heads and necks, but sturdy compact bodies. They have long pointed wings and sometimes tails and a fast direct flight. Flocks fly to watering holes at dawn and dusk.

Legs are feathered down to the toes, and genus Syrrhaptes has the toes feathered as well.

Two to three eggs are laid directly on the ground. They are buff or greenish with cryptic markings. Most species are resident, but Pallas's Sandgrouse is eruptive.

Sandgrouse are traditionally placed in two genera. Two central Asian species in Syrrhaptes, and the rest in Pterocles, but recent research casts some doubt on this division.

  • Order Pteroclidiformes
    • Family Pteroclididae
      • Genus Syrrhaptes
        • Tibetan Sandgrouse, S. tibetanus
          Pallas's Sandgrouse, S. paradoxus
      • Genus Pterocles
        • Pin-tailed Sandgrouse, P. alchata
          Namaqua Sandgrouse, P. namaqua
          Chestnut-bellied Sandgrouse, P. exustus
          Spotted Sandgrouse, P. senegallus
          Black-bellied Sandgrouse, P. orientalis
          Crowned Sandgrouse, P. coronatus
          Yellow-throated Sandgrouse, P. gutturalis
          Burchell's Sandgrouse, P. burchelli
          Masked Sandgrouse, P. personatus
          Black-faced Sandgrouse, P. decoratus
          Lichtenstein's Sandgrouse, P. lichtensteinii
          Double-banded Sandgrouse, P. bicinctus
          Painted Sandgrouse, P. indicus
          Four-banded Sandgrouse, P. quadricinctus

External links


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This guide is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia.


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