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Laniidae

Birds Guide

Laniidae

From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia, by MultiMedia

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Shrikes
Loggerhead Shrike
 
Loggerhead Shrike
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
 
Phylum: Chordata
 
Class: Aves
 
Order: Passeriformes
 
Family: Laniidae
 
Genera
Lanius
Eurocephalus
Corvinella
Lizard impaled on thorns by Southern Grey Shrike Lanius meridionalis, Lanzarote
Lizard impaled on thorns by Southern Grey Shrike Lanius meridionalis, Lanzarote

A shrike is a passerine bird of the family Laniidae which is known for its habit of catching insects, small birds or mammals and impaling their bodies on thorns. This helps them to tear the flesh into smaller, more conveniently-sized fragments, and serves as a "larder" so that the shrike can return to the uneaten portions at a later time.

A typical shrike's beak is hooked, like a bird of prey, reflecting its predatory nature.

Most shrike species occur in Eurasia and Africa, but two breed in North America. There are no members of this family in South America or Australia.

Some shrikes are also known as "butcher birds" because of their habit of keeping corpses. Australasian butcherbirds are not shrikes, although they occupy a similar ecological niche.

Species of Laniidae

  • Tiger Shrike, Lanius tigrinus
    Bull-headed Shrike, Lanius bucephalus
    Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio
    Isabelline Shrike Lanius isabellinus
    Brown Shrike, Lanius cristatus
    Burmese Shrike, Lanius collurioides
    Emin's Shrike, Lanius gubernator
    Souza's Shrike, Lanius souzae
    Bay-backed Shrike, Lanius vittatus
    Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach
    Grey-backed Shrike Lanius tephronotus
    Mountain Shrike or Grey-capped Shrike, Lanius validirostris
    Lesser Grey Shrike Lanius minor
    Loggerhead Shrike, Lanius ludovicianus
    Great Grey Shrike or Northern Shrike Lanius excubitor
    Southern Grey Shrike Lanius meridionalis
    Chinese Grey Shrike, Lanius sphenocercus
    Grey-backed Fiscal, Lanius excubitoroides
    Long-tailed Fiscal, Lanius cabanisi
    Taita Fiscal, Lanius dorsalis
    Somali Fiscal, Lanius somalicus
    Mackinnon's Shrike, Lanius mackinnoni
    Common Fiscal, Lanius collaris
    Newton's Fiscal, Lanius newtoni
    Uhehe Shrike, Lanius marwitzi
    Woodchat Shrike, Lanius senator
    Masked Shrike, Lanius nubicus
    Yellow-billed Shrike, Corvinella corvina
    Magpie Shrike, Corvinella melanoleuca
    White-rumped Shrike, Eurocephalus rueppelli
    White-crowned Shrike, Eurocephalus anguitimens

Other species, popularly called "shrikes," are in the families:

  • Prionopidae, helmetshrikes.
    Malaconotidae, puffback shrikes, bush shrikes, tchagras and boubous.
    Campephagidae, cuckoo-shrikes.

The Prionopidae and Malaconotidae are quite closely related to the Laniidae, and were formerly included in the shrike family. The cuckoo-shrikes are not closely related to the true shrikes.

A bee presumably caught and impaled by a shrike.
A bee presumably caught and impaled by a shrike.

External links


Home | Up | Artamidae | Atrichornithidae | Callaeidae | Campephagidae | Cinclosomatidae | Climacteridae | Corcorachidae | Corvidae | Dicruridae | Icteridae | Irenidae | Laniidae | Malaconotidae | Maluridae | Meliphagoidea | Menuridae | Neosittidae | Oriolidae | Orthonychidae | Pachycephalidae | Paradisaeidae | Pardalotidae | Petroicidae | Pityriaseidae | Pomatostomidae | Prionopidae | Ptilonorhynchidae | Turnagridae | Vangidae | Vireonidae

Birds Guide, made by MultiMedia | Free content and software

This guide is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia.


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