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Spindalis

Birds Guide

Spindalis

From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia, by MultiMedia

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Spindalis
Male Puerto Rican Spindalis
 
Male Puerto Rican Spindalis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
 
Phylum: Chordata
 
Subphylum: Vertebrata
 
Class: Aves
 
Order: Passeriformes
 
Family: Thraupidae
 
Genus: Spindalis
Jardine and Selby, 1837
Species
Spindalis zena
Spindalis portoricensis
Spindalis dominicensis
Spindalis nigricephala

Spindalis is a non-migratory genus of tanagers (Thraupidae family) comprised of 4 species. The genus is considered endemic to the Greater Antilles; a population on Cozumel Island, off the Yucatan Peninsula's east coast, is part of that island's West Indian fauna.

Historically, the genus consisted of a single polytypic species, Spindalis zena, with eight recognized subspecies—S. z. townsendi and S. z. zena from the Bahamas,S. z. pretrei from Cuba, S. z. salvini from Grand Cayman, S. z. dominicensis from Hispaniola and Gonave Island, S. z. portoricensis from Puerto Rico, S. z. nigreciphala from Jamaica, and S. z. benedicti from Cozumel Island. In 1997, based primarily on morphological and vocalization differences, three of the subspecies (portoricensis, dominicensis and nigricephala) were elevated to species status. S. zena remained a polytypic species with five recognized subspecies—S. z. pretrei, S. z. salvini, S. z. benedicti, S. z. townsendi, and S. z. zena.[1]

Spindalis males are characterized by bright plumage while females are duller and have a different coloration.

The nests of Spindalis are cup-shaped.[2]

Footnotes

  1. ^ Garrildo, et al, p.588-89.
  2. ^ Garrildo, et al, p.587.

References


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Birds Guide, made by MultiMedia | Free content and software

This guide is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia.


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