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Rhinocryptidae

Birds Guide

Rhinocryptidae

From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia, by MultiMedia

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Tapaculos
Rhinocrypta lanceolata
 
Rhinocrypta lanceolata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
 
Phylum: Chordata
 
Class: Aves
 
Order: Passeriformes
 
Family: Rhinocryptidae
Wetmore, 1930
Genera
Pteroptochos
Scelorchilus
Rhinocrypta
Teledromas
Liosceles
Psilorhamphus
Merulaxis
Melanopareia
Eugralla
Myornis
Scytalopus
Acropternis

The tapaculos are a family (Rhinocryptidae) of small passerine bird species found in South America.

These are terrestrial species that fly only poorly on their short wings. They have strong legs, well-suited to their habitat of grassland or forest undergrowth. The tail is cocked and pointed towards the head, and the name tapaculo derives from the Spanish for "cover your behind".

While the majority of the family are small blackish or brown birds there are some larger and more colourful species. They are best located and identified by their vocalisations.

They feed on insects, seeds and other soft plant material with their pointy bills, and will scratch on the ground like a pheasant.

Most species lay two or three white eggs in a covered environment, whether it be a burrow, hole in a tree or domed nest.

Species list:

Family Rhinocryptidae

  • Genus Pteroptochos, the huet-huets
    • Black-throated Huet-huet, Pteroptochos tarnii
      Chestnut-throated Huet-huet, Pteroptochos castaneus
  • Genus Pteroptochos
    • Moustached Turca, Pteroptochos megapodius
  • Genus Scelorchilus
    • White-throated Tapaculo, Scelorchilus albicollis
      Chucao Tapaculo, Scelorchilus rubecula
  • Genus Rhinocrypta, the gallitos
    • Crested Gallito, Rhinocrypta lanceolata
    • Sandy Gallito, Teledromas fuscus
  • Genus Liosceles
    • Rusty-belted Tapaculo, Liosceles thoracicus
  • Genus Melanopareia, the crescent-chests
    • Collared Crescent-chest, Melanopareia torquata
      Olive-crowned Crescent-chest, Melanopareia maximiliani
      Elegant Crescent-chest, Melanopareia elegans
      Maranon Crescent-chest, Melanopareia maranonica
  • Genus Psilorhamphus
    • Spotted Bamboowren, Psilorhamphus guttatus
  • Genus Merulaxis, the bristlefronts
    • Slaty Bristlefront, Merulaxis ater
      Stresemann's Bristlefront, Merulaxis stresemanni
  • Genus Eugralla
    • Ochre-flanked Tapaculo, Eugralla paradoxa
  • Genus Myornis
    • Ash-colored Tapaculo, Myornis senilis
  • Genus Scytalopus
    • Unicolored Tapaculo, Scytalopus unicolor
      Blackish Tapaculo, Scytalopus latrans
      Trilling Tapaculo, Scytalopus parvirostris
      Large-footed Tapaculo, Scytalopus macropus
      Rufous-vented Tapaculo, Scytalopus femoralis
      Long-tailed Tapaculo, Scytalopus micropterus
      Bolivian Tapaculo, Scytalopus bolivianus
      White-crowned Tapaculo, Scytalopus atratus
      Perija Tapaculo, Scytalopus nigricans
      Santa Marta Tapaculo, Scytalopus sanctaemartae
      Pale-throated Tapaculo, Scytalopus panamensis
      Narino Tapaculo, Scytalopus vicinior
      Silvery-fronted Tapaculo, Scytalopus argentifrons
      Brown-rumped Tapaculo, Scytalopus latebricola
      Merida Tapaculo, Scytalopus meridanus
      Colombian Tapaculo, Scytalopus infasciatus
      Caracas Tapaculo, Scytalopus caracae
      Spillman's Tapaculo, Scytalopus spillmanni
      Zimmer's Tapaculo, Scytalopus zimmeri
      Puna Tapaculo, Scytalopus simonsi
      Vilcabamba Tapaculo, Scytalopus urubambae
      Neblina Tapaculo, Scytalopus altirostris
      Ancash Tapaculo, Scytalopus affinis
      Paramo Tapaculo, Scytalopus canus
      Magellanic Tapaculo, Scytalopus magellanicus
      Matorral Tapaculo, Scytalopus griseicollis
      White-browed Tapaculo, Scytalopus superciliaris
      Dusky Tapaculo, Scytalopus fuscus
      Tschudi's Tapaculo, Scytalopus acutirostris
      Mouse-colored Tapaculo, Scytalopus speluncae
      Planalto Tapaculo, Scytalopus pachecoi
      Brasilia Tapaculo, Scytalopus novacapitalis
      Bahia Tapaculo, Scytalopus psychopompus
      Wetland Tapaculo, Scytalopus iraiensis
      White-breasted Tapaculo, Scytalopus indigoticus
      Diademed Tapaculo, Scytalopus schulenbergi
      Choco Tapaculo, Scytalopus chocoensis
      Ecuadorian Tapaculo, Scytalopus robbinsi
      Stiles' Tapaculo, Scytalopus stilesi
      Chusquea Tapaculo, Scytalopus parkeri
      Upper Magdalena Tapaculo, Scytalopus rodriguezi
  • Genus Acropternis
    • Ocellated Tapaculo, Acropternis orthonyx

External links


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This guide is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia.


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