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Alethes | Bluebirds | Catharus thrushes | Myadestes | Rock thrushes | Zoothera

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Hermit Thrush
Hermit Thrush
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Turdidae
22 genera, see text

See also other birds with Thrush in their name: Waterthrush, Shrike-thrush, Thrush Nightingale

The Thrushes, family Turdidae, are a group of passerine birds that occur mainly but not exclusively in the Old World.

They are plump, soft plumaged, small to medium sized insectivores or sometimes omnivores, often feeding on the ground. Many have attractive songs.

The taxonomic treatment of this large family has varied significantly in recent years. Traditionally it included the small Old World species, like the Nightingale and European Robin in the subfamily Saxicolini, but now often either that group or the whole family is now placed in the Old World flycatcher family Muscicapidae.

This article follows Handbook of the Birds of the World with edits from Clement & Hathaway, Thrushes (2000), and retains the large thrushes in Turdidae.

  • Family Turdidae
    • Genus Turdus, true thrushes
      • Blackbird, Turdus merula
        Yemen Thrush, Turdus menachensis
        Olive Thrush, Turdus olivaceus
        Olivaceous Thrush, Turdus olivaceofuscus
        Comoro Thrush, Turdus bewsheri
        Kurrichane Thrush, Turdus libonyanus
        African Thrush, Turdus pelios
        African Bare-eyed Thrush, Turdus tephronotus
        Grey-backed Thrush, Turdus hortulorum
        Tickell's Thrush, Turdus unicolor
        Black-breasted Thrush, Turdus dissimilis
        Japanese Thrush, Turdus cardis
        White-collared Blackbird, Turdus albocinctus
        Ring Ouzel, Turdus torquatus
        Grey-winged Blackbird, Turdus boulboul
        Island Thrush, Turdus poliocephalus
        Chestnut Thrush, Turdus rubrocanus
        White-backed Thrush, Turdus kessleri
        Grey-sided Thrush, Turdus feae
        Eyebrowed Thrush, Turdus obscurus
        Pale Thrush, Turdus pallidus
        Brown-headed Thrush, Turdus chrysolaus
        Izu Thrush, Turdus celaenops
      • Dark-throated Thrush, Turdus atrogularis
        • Black-throated Thrush, T. a. atrogularis
        • Red-throated Thrush, T.a. ruficollis
      • Dusky Thrush, Turdus naumanni
        • Naumann's Thrush, T. n. naumanni
        • Dusky Thrush, T. n. eunomus
      • Fieldfare, Turdus pilaris
        Redwing, Turdus iliacus
        Song Thrush, Turdus philomelos
        Chinese Thrush, Turdus mupinensis
        Mistle Thrush, Turdus viscivorus
        Red-legged Thrush, Turdus plumbeus
        Chiguanco Thrush, Turdus chiguanco
        Sooty Robin, Turdus nigrescens
        Great Thrush, Turdus fuscater
        Black Robin, Turdus infuscatus
        Glossy-black Thrush, Turdus serranus
        Andean Slaty Thrush, Turdus nigriceps
        Eastern Slaty Thrush, Turdus subalaris
        Black-hooded Thrush, Turdus olivater
        Plumbeous-backed Thrush, Turdus reevei
        Maranon Thrush, Turdus maranonicus
        Chestnut-bellied Thrush, Turdus fulviventris
        Rufous-bellied Thrush, Turdus rufiventris
        Austral Thrush, Turdus falcklandii
        Pale-breasted Thrush, Turdus leucomelas
        Creamy-bellied Thrush, Turdus amaurochalinus
        Mountain Robin, Turdus plebejus
        Black-billed Thrush, Turdus ignobilis
        Lawrence's Thrush, Turdus lawrencii
        Cocoa Thrush, Turdus fumigatus
        Pale-vented Thrush, Turdus obsoletus
        Hauxwell's Thrush, Turdus hauxwelli
        Clay-colored Robin, Turdus grayi
        Bare-eyed Thrush, Turdus nudigenis
        Ecuadorian Thrush, Turdus maculirostris
        Unicolored Thrush, Turdus haplochrous
        White-eyed Thrush, Turdus jamaicensis
        White-throated Thrush, Turdus assimilis
        White-necked Thrush, Turdus albicollis
        Rufous-backed Robin, Turdus rufopalliatus
        Rufous-collared Robin, Turdus rufitorques
        American Robin, Turdus migratorius
        La Selle Thrush, Turdus swalesi
        White-chinned Thrush, Turdus aurantius
    • Genus Zoothera, Asian thrushes
      • Slaty-backed Thrush, Zoothera schistacea
        Moluccan Thrush, Zoothera dumasi
        Chestnut-capped Thrush, Zoothera interpres
        Rusty-backed Thrush, Zoothera erythronota
        Red-and-black Thrush, Zoothera mendeni
        Chestnut-backed Thrush, Zoothera dohertyi
        Pied Thrush, Zoothera wardii
        Ashy Thrush, Zoothera cinerea
        Orange-banded Thrush, Zoothera peronii
        Orange-headed Thrush, Zoothera citrina
        Everett's Thrush, Zoothera everetti
        Siberian Thrush, Zoothera sibirica
        Varied Thrush, Zoothera naevia
        Aztec Thrush, Zoothera pinicola
        Abyssinian Ground Thrush, Zoothera piaggiae
        Kivu Ground Thrush, Zoothera tanganjicae
        Crossley's Ground Thrush, Zoothera crossleyi
        Orange Ground Thrush, Zoothera gurneyi
        Oberlaender's Ground Thrush, Zoothera oberlaenderi
        Black-eared Ground Thrush, Zoothera cameronensis
        Grey Ground Thrush, Zoothera princei
        Spotted Ground Thrush, Zoothera guttata
        Spot-winged Thrush, Zoothera spiloptera
        Sunda Thrush, Zoothera andromedae
        Plain-backed Thrush, Zoothera mollissima
        Long-tailed Thrush, Zoothera dixoni
        White's Thrush or Scaly Thrush, Zoothera dauma
        Amami Thrush, Zoothera major
        Horsfield's Thrush, Zoothera horsfieldi
        Fawn-breasted Thrush, Zoothera machiki
        Olive-tailed Thrush, Zoothera lunulata
        Russet-tailed Thrush, Zoothera heinei
        New Britain Thrush, Zoothera talaseae
        San Cristobal Thrush, Zoothera margaretae
        Guadalcanal Thrush, Zoothera turipavae
        Long-billed Thrush, Zoothera monticola
        Dark-sided Thrush, Zoothera marginata
        †Bonin Islands Thrush, Zoothera terrestris Conservation status: Extinct
    • Genus Catharus, typical American thrushes
      • Veery, Catharus fuscescens
        Gray-cheeked Thrush, Catharus minimus
        Bicknell's Thrush, Catharus bicknelli
        Swainson's Thrush, Catharus ustulatus
        Hermit Thrush, Catharus guttatus
        Orange-billed Nightingale-thrush, Catharus aurantiirostris
        Slaty-backed Nightingale-thrush, Catharus fuscater
        Russet Nightingale-thrush, Catharus occidentalis
        Black-billed Nightingale-thrush, Catharus gracilirostris
        Ruddy-capped Nightingale-thrush, Catharus frantzii
        Black-headed Nightingale-thrush, Catharus mexicanus
        Spotted Nightingale-thrush, Catharus dryas
    • Genus Hylocichla
      • Wood Thrush, Hylocichla mustelina
    • Genus Monticola, rock thrushes
      • Forest Rock Thrush, Monticola sharpei
        Benson's Rock Thrush, Monticola bensoni
        Littoral Rock Thrush, Monticola imerinus
        Cape Rock Thrush, Monticola rupestris
        Sentinel Rock Thrush, Monticola explorator
        Short-toed Rock Thrush, Monticola brevipes
        Miombo Rock Thrush, Monticola angolensis
        Rufous-tailed Rock Thrush, Monticola saxatilis
        Little Rock Thrush, Monticola rufocinereus
        Blue-capped Rock Thrush, Monticola cinclorhynchus
        White-throated Rock Thrush, Monticola gularis
        Chestnut-bellied Rock Thrush, Monticola rufiventris
        Blue Rock Thrush, Monticola solitarius
    • Genus Neocossyphus, flycatcher thrushes and ant thrushes
      • Rufous Flycatcher-thrush, Neocossyphus fraseri
        Finsch's Flycatcher-thrush, Neocossyphus finschii
        Red-tailed Ant-thrush, Neocossyphus rufus
        White-tailed Ant-thrush, Neocossyphus poensis
    • Genus Myophonus, whistling thrushes
      • Sri Lanka Whistling Thrush, Myophonus blighi
        Shiny Whistling Thrush, Myophonus melanurus
        Sunda Whistling Thrush, Myophonus glaucinus
        Malayan Whistling Thrush, Myophonus robinsoni
        Malabar Whistling Thrush, Myophonus horsfieldii
        Formosan Whistling Thrush, Myophonus insularis
        Blue Whistling Thrush, Myophonus caeruleus
    • Genus Geomalia
      • Geomalia Geomalia heinrichi
    • Genus Cataponera
      • Sulawesi Thrush, Cataponera turdoides
    • Genus Nesocichla
      • Tristan Thrush, Nesocichla eremita
    • Genus Cichlherminia
      • Forest Thrush, Cichlherminia lherminieri
    • Genus Sialia, bluebirds
      • Eastern Bluebird, Sialia sialis
        Western Bluebird, Sialia mexicana
        Mountain Bluebird, Sialia currucoides
    • Genus Myadestes, solitaires
      • Townsend's Solitaire, Myadestes townsendi
        Brown-backed Solitaire, Myadestes occidentalis
        Cuban Solitaire, Myadestes elisabeth
        Rufous-throated Solitaire, Myadestes genibarbis
        Black-faced Solitaire, Myadestes melanops
        Varied Solitaire, Myadestes coloratus
        Slate-colored Solitaire, Myadestes unicolor
        Andean Solitaire, Myadestes ralloides
        †ʻĀmaui, Myadestes woahensis Conservation status: Extinct (mid-19th century)
        †Kāmaʻo, Myadestes myadestinus Conservation status: Extinct (mid-1990s)
        Olomaʻo, Myadestes lanaiensis - probably extinct (1980s)
        ʻŌmaʻo, Myadestes obscurus
        Puaiohi, Myadestes palmeri
    • Genus Cichlopsis, solitaires
      • Rufous-brown Solitaire, Cichlopsis leucogenys
    • Genus Entomodestes, solitaires
      • White-eared Solitaire, Entomodestes leucotis
        Black Solitaire, Entomodestes coracinus
    • Genus Platycichla
      • Pale-eyed Thrush, Platycichla leucops
        Yellow-legged Thrush, Platycichla flavipes
    • Genus Psophocichla
      • Groundscraper Thrush, Psophocichla litsipsirupa
    • Genus Chlamydochaera
      • Fruit-hunter, Chlamydochaera jefferyi
    • Genus Brachypteryx, shortwings
      • Rusty-bellied Shortwing, Brachypteryx hyperythra
        Gould's Shortwing, Brachypteryx stellata
        White-bellied Shortwing, Brachypteryx major
        Lesser Shortwing, Brachypteryx leucophrys
        White-browed Shortwing, Brachypteryx montana
    • Genus Heinrichia, shortwings
      • Great Shortwing, Heinrichia calligyna
    • Genus Chaetops, rock-jumpers
      • Rufous Rock-jumper, Chaetops frenatus
        Orange-breasted Rock-jumper, Chaetops aurantius,
    • Genus Alethe alethes
      • Brown-chested Alethe, Alethe poliocephala
        Red-throated Alethe, Alethe poliophrys
        Cholo Alethe, Alethe choloensis
        White-chested Alethe, Alethe fuelleborni
        Fire-crested Alethe, Alethe diademata

For species previously in Turdidae, see Muscicapidae and chats.

External links

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Birds Guide, made by MultiMedia | Free content and software

This guide is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia.

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