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Ploceidae

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Ploceidae

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Weaver
Slender-billed Weaver
 
Slender-billed Weaver
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
 
Phylum: Chordata
 
Class: Aves
 
Order: Passeriformes
 
Family: Ploceidae
Sundevall, 1836
Genera
Many:see text

The Weavers are small passerine birds related to the finches.

These are seed-eating birds with rounded conical bills, most of which breed in sub-Saharan Africa, with fewer species in tropical Asia and also in Australia. The weaver group is divided into the buffalo, sparrow, typical, and widow weavers. The males of many species are brightly coloured, usually in red or yellow and black, some species show variation in colour only in the breeding season.

Weaver birds, also known as weaver finches get their name because of their elaborately woven nests (the most elaborate of any birds), though some are notable for their selective parasitic nesting habits. The nests vary in size, shape, material used and construction techniques from species to species. Materials used for building nests include fine leaf-fibers, grass and twigs. Many species weave very fine nests using thin strands of leaf fiber, and some like the buffalo-weavers, however, form massive untidy stick nests in their colonies, which may have several spherical woven nests within. The sparrow weavers of Africa build apartment-house nests, in which 100 to 300 pairs have separate flask-shaped chambers entered by tubes at the bottom. Most species weave nests that have narrow entrances, facing upside down.

The weavers are gregarious birds which often breed colonially. The birds build their nests together, often several to a branch. Usually the male birds weave the nests and use them as a form of display to lure prospective females. The weaver bird colonies may be found close to water bodies. They sometimes cause crop damage, notably the Red-billed Quelea, reputed to be the world's most numerous bird.

Species list in taxonomic order

Weaver birds and nests in western India.
Weaver birds and nests in western India.
Village Weaver colony in The Gambia. The nests are the spherical suspended objects
Village Weaver colony in The Gambia. The nests are the spherical suspended objects
Weaver bird nest at Kotaballappalli, Karnataka, India.
Weaver bird nest at Kotaballappalli, Karnataka, India.
Weaver bird weaving a nest at Kotaballappalli, Karnataka, India.
Weaver bird weaving a nest at Kotaballappalli, Karnataka, India.
Weaver bird hanging down its nest at Kotaballappalli, Karnataka, India.
Weaver bird hanging down its nest at Kotaballappalli, Karnataka, India.
Weaver birds and a bunch of nests at Kotaballappalli, Karnataka, India.
Weaver birds and a bunch of nests at Kotaballappalli, Karnataka, India.
  • Genus: Anomalospiza
    • Grosbeak Weaver, Amblyospiza albifrons
      Parasitic Weaver, Anomalospiza imberbis
  • Genus: Anaplectes
    • Red-headed Weaver, Anaplectes rubriceps
  • Genus: Bracycope
    • Bob-tailed Weaver, Brachycope anomala
  • Genus: Bubalornis
    • Red-billed Buffalo-weaver, Bubalornis niger
      White-billed Buffalo-weaver, Bubalornis albirostris
  • Genus: Dinemellia
    • White-headed Buffalo-weaver, Dinemellia dinemelli
  • Genus: Euplectes
    • Black Bishop, Euplectes gierowii
      Black-winged Red Bishop, Euplectes hordeaceus
      Buff-shouldered Widowbird, Euplectes psammocromius
      Fan-tailed Widowbird, Euplectes axillaris
      Fire-fronted Bishop, Euplectes diadematus
      Golden-backed Bishop, Euplectes aureus
      Jackson's Widowbird, Euplectes jacksoni
      Long-tailed Widowbird, Euplectes progne
      Marsh Widowbird, Euplectes hartlaubi
      Northern Red Bishop, Euplectes orix
      Orange Bishop, Euplectes franciscanus
      Red-collared Widowbird, Euplectes ardens
      White-winged Widowbird, Euplectes albonotatus
      Yellow Bishop, Euplectes capensis
      Yellow-crowned Bishop, Euplectes afer
      Yellow-shouldered Widowbird, Euplectes macrourus
      Zanzibar Bishop, Euplectes nigroventris
  • Genus: Foudia
    • Forest Fody, Foudia omissa
      Mauritius Fody, Foudia rubra
      Red Fody, Foudia madagascariensis
      Red-headed Fody, Foudia eminentissima
      Rodrigues Fody, Foudia flavicans
      Seychelles Fody, Foudia sechellarum
  • Genus: Histurgops
    • Rufous-tailed Weaver, Histurgops ruficauda
  • Genus: Malimbus
    • Ballmann's Malimbe, Malimbus ballmanni
      Black-throated Malimbe, Malimbus cassini
      Crested Malimbe, Malimbus malimbicus
      Gray's Malimbe, Malimbus nitens
      Ibadan Malimbe, Malimbus ibadanensis
      Rachel's Malimbe, Malimbus racheliae
      Red-bellied Malimbe, Malimbus erythrogaster
      Red-crowned Malimbe, Malimbus coronatus
      Red-headed Malimbe, Malimbus rubricollis
      Red-vented Malimbe, Malimbus scutatus
      Yellow-legged Malimbe, Malimbus flavipes
  • Genus: Pacyphantes
    • Compact Weaver, Pachyphantes superciliosus
  • Genus: Philetairus
    • Social Weaver, Philetairus socius
  • Genus: Plocepasser
    • Chestnut-backed Sparrow-weaver, Plocepasser rufoscapulatus
      Chestnut-crowned Sparrow-weaver, Plocepasser superciliosus
      Donaldson-Smith's Sparrow-weaver, Plocepasser donaldsoni
      White-browed Sparrow-weaver, Plocepasser mahali
  • Genus: Ploceus
    • African Golden-weaver, Ploceus subaureus
      African Masked-weaver, Ploceus velatus
      Asian Golden Weaver, Ploceus hypoxanthus
      Baglafecht Weaver, Ploceus baglafecht
      Bannerman's Weaver, Ploceus bannermani
      Bar-winged Weaver, Ploceus angolensis
      Bates' Weaver, Ploceus batesi
      Baya Weaver, Ploceus philippinus
      Bengal Weaver, Ploceus benghalensis
      Bertrand's Weaver, Ploceus bertrandi
      Black-billed Weaver, Ploceus melanogaster
      Black-chinned Weaver, Ploceus nigrimentum
      Black-headed Weaver, Ploceus melanocephalus
      Black-necked Weaver, Ploceus nigricollis
      Bocage's Weaver, Ploceus temporalis
      Brown-capped Weaver, Ploceus insignis
      Cape Weaver, Ploceus capensis
      Chestnut Weaver, Ploceus rubiginosus
      Cinnamon Weaver, Ploceus badius
      Clarke's Weaver, Ploceus golandi
      Forest Weaver, Ploceus bicolor
      Fox's Weaver, Ploceus spekeoides
      Giant Weaver, Ploceus grandis
      Golden Palm Weaver, Ploceus bojeri
      Golden-backed Weaver, Ploceus jacksoni
      Golden-naped Weaver, Ploceus aureonucha
      Heuglin's Masked-weaver, Ploceus heuglini
      Holub's Golden-weaver, Ploceus xanthops
      Kilombero Weaver, Ploceus burnieri
      Lesser Masked-weaver, Ploceus intermedius
      Little Weaver, Ploceus luteolus
      Loango Weaver, Ploceus subpersonatus
      Maxwell's Black Weaver, Ploceus albinucha
      Nelicourvi Weaver, Ploceus nelicourvi
      Northern Brown-throated Weaver, Ploceus castanops
      Northern Masked-weaver, Ploceus taeniopterus
      Olive-headed Weaver, Ploceus olivaceiceps
      Orange Weaver, Ploceus aurantius
      Preuss' Weaver, Ploceus preussi
      Principe Golden-weaver, Ploceus princeps
      Rueppell's Weaver, Ploceus galbula
      Sakalava Weaver, Ploceus sakalava
      Salvadori's Weaver, Ploceus dichrocephalus
      Sao Tome Weaver, Ploceus sanctithomae
      Slender-billed Weaver, Ploceus pelzelni
      Southern Brown-throated Weaver, Ploceus xanthopterus
      Spectacled Weaver, Ploceus ocularis
      Speke's Weaver, Ploceus spekei
      Strange Weaver, Ploceus alienus
      Streaked Weaver, Ploceus manyar
      Tanzania Masked-weaver, Ploceus reichardi
      Taveta Golden-weaver, Ploceus castaneiceps
      Usambara Weaver, Ploceus nicolli
      Vieillot's Weaver, Ploceus nigerrimus
      Village Weaver, Ploceus cucullatus
      Weyns' Weaver, Ploceus weynsi
      Yellow Weaver, Ploceus megarhynchus
      Yellow-capped Weaver, Ploceus dorsomaculatus
      Yellow-mantled Weaver, Ploceus tricolor
  • Genus: Pseudonigrita
    • Black-capped Social-weaver, Pseudonigrita cabanisi
      Grey-headed Social-weaver, Pseudonigrita arnaudi
  • Genus: Quelea
    • Cardinal Quelea, Quelea cardinalis
      Red-billed Quelea, Quelea quelea
      Red-headed Quelea, Quelea erythrops
  • Genus: Sporopipes
    • Scaly Weaver, Sporopipes squamifrons
      Speckle-fronted Weaver, Sporopipes frontalis

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