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Zosteropidae

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Zosteropidae

Zosterops

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White-Eyes
Zosterops palpebrosus
 
Zosterops palpebrosus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
 
Phylum: Chordata
 
Class: Aves
 
Order: Passeriformes
 
Family: Zosteropidae
 
Genera
Cleptornis
Heleia
Hypocryptadius
Lophozosterops
Madanga
Megazosterops
Oculocincta
Rukia
Speirops
Tephrozosterops
Woodfordia
Zosterops
Apalopteron

The white-eyes are small passerine birds native to tropical and sub-tropical Africa, southern Asia and Australasia. They also inhabit most of the islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. Many white-eye species are endemic to single islands, and the brown-backed species only occur on islands, but some have a very wide distribution. The Silvereye, Zosterops lateralis, naturally colonised New Zealand, where it is known as the "Wax-eye" or Tauhau, from 1855. The genus Apalopteron, formerly treated in the Meliphagidae, has recently been transferred to the Zosteropidae on genetic evidence.

The birds of this group are mostly of undistinguished appearance, the plumage above being generally either mouse-coloured or greenish olive, but some species have a white or bright yellow throat, breast or lower parts, and several have buff flanks. They have rounded wings and strong legs. The size ranges up to 15cm (6 inches) in length.

All the species of white-eyes are sociable, forming large flocks which only separate on the approach of the breeding season. They build tree nests and lay 2-4 unspotted pale blue eggs.

Though mainly insectivorous, they eat nectar and fruits of various kinds. The Silvereye can be a problem in Australian vineyards, through piercing the grape allowing infection or insect damage to follow.

The scientific name of the group derives from the Greek for girdle-eye, and refers to the ring of white feathers round the eyes, which is very conspicuous in many species.

Species in taxonomic order

  • Black-capped Speirops, Speirops lugubris
    Cameroon Speirops, Speirops melanocephalus
    Fernando Po Speirops, Speirops brunneus
    Principe Speirops, Speirops leucophoeus
    African Yellow White-eye, Zosterops senegalensis
    Broad-ringed White-eye, Zosterops poliogaster
    White-breasted White-eye, Zosterops abyssinicus
    Cape White-eye, Zosterops pallidus
    Pemba White-eye, Zosterops vaughani
    Mayotte White-eye, Zosterops mayottensis
    Madagascar White-eye, Zosterops maderaspatanus
    Comoro White-eye, Zosterops mouroniensis
    Sao Tome White-eye, Zosterops ficedulinus
    Annobon White-eye, Zosterops griseovirescens
    Mascarene White-eye, Zosterops borbonicus
    Reunion White-eye, Zosterops olivaceus
    Mauritius Olive White-eye, Zosterops chloronothos
    Seychelles White-eye, Zosterops modestus
    Sri Lanka White-eye, Zosterops ceylonensis
    Chestnut-flanked White-eye, Zosterops erythropleurus
    Oriental White-eye, Zosterops palpebrosus
    Japanese White-eye, Zosterops japonicus
    Lowland White-eye, Zosterops meyeni
    Enggano White-eye, Zosterops salvadorii
    Bridled White-eye, Zosterops conspicillatus
    Caroline Islands White-eye, Zosterops semperi
    Plain White-eye, Zosterops hypolais
    Black-capped White-eye, Zosterops atricapillus
    Everett's White-eye, Zosterops everetti
    Yellowish White-eye, Zosterops nigrorum
    Mountain White-eye, Zosterops montanus
    Christmas Island White-eye, Zosterops natalis
    Javan White-eye, Zosterops flavus
    Yellow-bellied White-eye, Zosterops chloris
    Ashy-bellied White-eye, Zosterops citrinellus
    Great Kai White-eye, Zosterops grayi
    Little Kai White-eye, Zosterops uropygialis
    Sulawesi White-eye, Zosterops consobrinorum
    Black-ringed White-eye, Zosterops anomalus
    Yellow-spectacled White-eye, Zosterops wallacei
    Black-crowned White-eye, Zosterops atrifrons
    Sangihe White-eye, Zosterops nehrkorni
    Seram White-eye, Zosterops stalkeri
    Cream-throated White-eye, Zosterops atriceps
    Black-fronted White-eye, Zosterops minor
    White-throated White-eye, Zosterops meeki
    Black-headed White-eye, Zosterops hypoxanthus
    Biak White-eye, Zosterops mysorensis
    Capped White-eye, Zosterops fuscicapillus
    Buru White-eye, Zosterops buruensis
    Ambon White-eye, Zosterops kuehni
    New Guinea White-eye, Zosterops novaeguineae
    Australian Yellow White-eye, Zosterops luteus
    Louisiade White-eye, Zosterops griseotinctus
    Rennell White-eye, Zosterops rennellianus
    Banded White-eye, Zosterops vellalavella
    Ganongga White-eye, Zosterops splendidus
    Splendid White-eye, Zosterops luteirostris
    Solomon Islands White-eye, Zosterops kulambangrae
    Kulambangra White-eye, Zosterops murphyi
    Yellow-throated White-eye, Zosterops metcalfii
    Grey-throated White-eye, Zosterops rendovae
    Malaita White-eye, Zosterops stresemanni
    Santa Cruz White-eye, Zosterops santaecrucis
    Large Lifou White-eye, Zosterops inornatus
    Green-backed White-eye, Zosterops xanthochrous
    Small Lifou White-eye, Zosterops minutus
    Lord Howe White-eye, Zosterops tephropleurus
    Slender-billed White-eye, Zosterops tenuirostris
    White-chested White-eye, Zosterops albogularis
    Layard's White-eye, Zosterops explorator
    Silvereye, Zosterops lateralis
    Yellow-fronted White-eye, Zosterops flavifrons
    Samoan White-eye, Zosterops samoensis
    Dusky White-eye, Zosterops finschii
    Grey White-eye, Zosterops cinereus
    Yap White-eye, Zosterops oleagineus
    Truk White-eye, Rukia ruki
    Long-billed White-eye, Rukia longirostra
    Golden White-eye, Cleptornis marchei
    Rufescent White-eye, Tephrozosterops stalkeri
    Rufous-throated White-eye, Madanga ruficollis
    Javan Grey-throated White-eye, Lophozosterops javanicus
    Streak-headed White-eye, Lophozosterops squamiceps
    Grey-hooded White-eye, Lophozosterops pinaiae
    Mindanao White-eye, Lophozosterops goodfellowi
    White-browed White-eye, Lophozosterops superciliaris
    Dark-crowned White-eye, Lophozosterops dohertyi
    Pygmy White-eye, Oculocincta squamifrons
    Flores White-eye, Heleia crassirostris
    Timor White-eye, Heleia muelleri
    Mountain Black-eye, Chlorocharis emiliae
    Bare-eyed White-eye, Woodfordia superciliosa
    Sanford's White-eye, Woodfordia lacertosa
    Giant White-eye, Megazosterops palauensis
    Cinnamon White-eye, Hypocryptadius cinnamomeus
    Bonin White-eye, Apalopteron familiare (formerly Bonin Honeyeater)

External links


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