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Zonotrichia

Birds Guide

Zonotrichia

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Zonotrichia
White-crowned Sparrow
 
White-crowned Sparrow
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
 
Phylum: Chordata
 
Class: Aves
 
Order: Passeriformes
 
Family: Emberizidae
 
Genus: Zonotrichia
Swainson, 1832
species
Z. leucophrys
Z. albicollis
Z. atricapilla
Z. capensis
Z. querula

Zonotrichia is a small genus of American sparrows. Four of the species are North American, but the Rufous-collared Sparrow breeds in highlands from the extreme southeast of Mexico to Tierra del Fuego, and on Hispaniola.

The species are

  • White-crowned Sparrow, Zonotrichia leucophrys
    White-throated Sparrow, Zonotrichia albicollis
    Golden-crowned Sparrow, Zonotrichia atricapilla
    Rufous-collared Sparrow, Zonotrichia capensis
    Harris' Sparrow, Zonotrichia querula

These birds have brown backs streaked with black, and distinctive head markings. Their cup nests, built by the female, are of plant material lined with fine grasses and constructed on the ground, low in a tree or bush, or in a niche in a wall.

The female lays brown-blotched greenish-blue or greenish white eggs, which she incubates for 12-14 days. The male helps in feeding the chicks.

Zonotrichia sparrows feed on the ground on seeds, fallen grain, insects and spiders.

References

  • Byers, Olsson and Curson, Buntings and Sparrows ISBN1-873403-19-4
  • Stiles and Skutch, A guide to the birds of Costa Rica, ISBN 0-0814-9600-4

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Birds Guide, made by MultiMedia | Free content and software

This guide is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia.


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